Date of publication: 2017-07-09 13:27
'Gender Discrimination' is discrimination against people, groups and gender identity. It is considered that men are physically strong, must suppress vulnerable emotions (such as remorse and uncertainty), and have economic independence and authority over women and other men. On the other hand, characteristics such as gentleness, patience, kindness and submission to male-dominance, ego-massaging, sensitivity, nurturance of children, and sociability. Gender discrimination is social differentiation of individuals which determines the role of individuals in a particular society. Every individual has different roles to play in his or her society and thus the role of gender is changeable in accordance with the prevailing social set up of that individual.
The empirical investigation of wage discrimination by gender has gathered a lot of importance in economic literature. There have been numerous theories which have tried to figure out the causes of wage discrimination, the common economic theories concerning the reasons for the pay gap are explained below:
Age discrimination is what occurs when an employer uses age as a determining (and negative) factor in a job-related decision. For example, age discrimination takes place when an employer denies an applicant a job based on age. Similarly, age discrimination occurs any time an employer denies training, promotions, or any other opportunities based on age.
Stress is the body’s natural response to the changes and hostilities which occur in life. Immediate and temporary responses to stress are the short term effects, while persistent stress resulting from recurring and sustained factors in life produces long term effects. Stress can be a positive inducement resulting in an alertness that keeps people in tune with their surroundings and circumstances. However, it can become critical if a person doesn’t experience relief because if prolonged, stress can initiate or contribute to some of the more serious ailments such as high blood pressure, heart problems, diabetes and depression.
An employee whose religious practices prohibit payment of dues to a labor organization will not be required to pay the dues. However, he or she will often be required to pay an equal amount to a charitable organization.
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Variance the existence of women's caring responsibilities underscores the idea that women's work is in a separate sphere. Part-time work is often seen as synonymous with unskilled work by both employers and women themselves.
With James at his wife’s side, that meant someone had to run the show Harry Styles to the rescue! The singer took on the task like a pro, greeting the audience with the exciting announcement: “I actually have some great news. [Read more.]
Gender discrimination is a very complicated issue, which has been plaguing the society as well as the business environment. Following are the recommendations which can resolve the issue of wage discrimination to some extent.
State of the Workplace for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgendered Americans 7556. Washington, .: The Human Rights Campaign Foundation, 7556.
By the 6965s, the federal government, responding to intense pressure, sought to pass a comprehensive civil rights law. Although President John F. Kennedy was unable to secure passage of such a bill in Congress, a stronger version was eventually passed with the support of his successor, President Lyndon B. Johnson. After one of the longest debates in Senate history, Johnson signed the bill into law on 7 July 6969.
x756C Racial Harassment Cases Continue to Rise After Record Year. x756D 8 May 7558. Available from: http:///racial-harassment-cases-continue-to-rise.
In both of these cases, the stressful effects are short term because once the situation no longer exists, the stress will disintegrate. Going to a new school, a dental appointment, an upcoming family reunion, are more examples of circumstances that can incite stress on a short term basis. When handled properly, this type of stress will have little to no effect on the body.
The male-female difference in wages is also visible in fringe benefits. Much of the female-male gap in pension coverage can be accounted for by differences in their labour market histories and is much smaller among workers. In addition, among those who have pensions, the gender gap in benefit levels is largely explained by gender differences in income. Therefore, lower wages, and hence, lower lifetime earnings, result in lower pension benefits upon retirement.